Axel Constant

Axel Constant

PhD (2023): 'Evolution, Culture and Computation in Psychiatry'

Research Fellow, University of Sussex






Constant, A., Clark, A., & Friston, K. (2021). Representation Wars: Enacting an Armistice Through Active Inference. Frontiers in Psychology.


Ramstead, M., Hesp, C., Tschantz, A., Smith, R., Constant, A., & Friston, K. (2020). Neural and phenotypic representation under the free-energy principle. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews.
Constant, A., Clark, A., Kirchhoff, M., & Friston, K. (2020). Extended active inference: Constructing predictive cognition beyond skulls. Mind & Language. 10.1111/mila.12330
Vasil, J., Badcock, P., Constant, A., Friston, K., & Ramstead, M. (2020). A World Unto Itself: Human Communication as Active Inference. Frontiers in Psychology.
Hipólito, I., Ramstead, M., Constant, A., & Friston, K. (2020). Cognition coming about: Self-organisation and free-energy: Commentary on Wright, J.J. and Bourke, P.D. (2020) "The growth of cognition: Free energy minimization and the embryogenesis of cortical computation."


Hesp, C., Ramstead, M., Constant, A., Kirchhoff, M., & Friston, K. (2019). A Multi-scale View of the Emergent Complexity of Life: A Free-Energy Proposal. In Evolution, Development and Complexity (Springer).
Constant, A., Ramstead, M., Veissière, S., & Friston, K. (2019). Regimes of Expectations: An Active Inference Model of Social Conformity and Human Decision Making. Front. Psychol.
Ramstead*, M., Constant*, A., Badcock, P., & Friston, K. (2019). Variational ecology and the physics of sentient systems. Physics of Life Reviews.
Badcock, P., Constant, A., & Ramstead, M. (2019). Tinkering with cognitive gadgets: Cultural evolutionary psychology meets active inference. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.
Ramstead, M., Kirchhoff, M., Constant, A., & Friston, K. (2019). Multiscale integration: beyond internalism and externalism. Synthese.
Veissière, S., Constant, A., Ramstead, M., Friston, K., & Kirmayer, L. (2019). Thinking Through Other Minds: A Variational Approach to Cognition and Culture. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.